Capital City Mozambique:
Maputo is the capital of Mozambique and the province of the same name. The Capital City Mozambique is located to the south of Mozambique, at the mouth of the river Maputo , on the shores of the Indian Ocean , specifically between the coordinates 25 ° 58’S 32 ° 35’E, covering an area of 300 km² and a population of 1,087,692 Inhabitants according to census of 2007.
Interesting facts about Maputo:
In 1544 the bay where the present city of Maputo is located was explored by Portuguese merchants to the front of which was Lourenço Marques , reason for which to the being founded the city at the end of century XVIII was put his name in honor to its find.
In 1895, the construction of a railroad to the South African city of Pretoria brought with it a notable increase in its population and economy, which by 1907 led to its becoming the capital of Portuguese East Africa , a territory which later took its current name Of Mozambique.
After conquering independence the city continued to be the capital of Mozambique but from there began to be called Maputo, name that comes from the leader of an old tribe that ruled all the zone before the arrival of the Portuguese which was called Maputa.
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In 1975 finalizing the War of Independence of Mozambique and although it did not affect directly to the city to consider itself neutral, a great number of Portuguese left the city, giving rise to a significant deterioration of the same one by the lack of hand Of qualified work and capital to continue with the projects already in the constructive stage and those that were planned, which was aggravated with the arrival of the Civil War that also did not affect directly to the city but if it brought with it a series of problems that Were clearly reflected in the deplorable and neglected state in which the city remained after the declaration of peace to which was added a terrible administration that made the situation even worse.
After this difficult and violent stage due to the lack of investments the recovery of the city was very slow and even many of the services of the city are still precarious and we do not work to recover the old buildings of great urban value and patrimonial value.
The city is located south of Mozambique, at the mouth of the Maputo River , on the shores of the Indian Ocean , specifically between coordinates 25 ° 58’S 32 ° 35’E and 44 meters above sea level and covering an area of 300 Km².
The rainy season runs from January to March. The hottest and wettest season is between October and March. From April to September is when the highest temperatures are recorded.
The population that counts the city according to census of 2007 is of 1,087,692 inhabitants.
The economy of Maputo is underpinned in its modern port where many products are exported, among which coal , cotton , sugar , chromium , sisal , copra and wood predominate . The city also has an important industrial development which provides considerable capital to the economy. Among the most important industries stand of the cement , ceramics , furniture, shoes and rubber , and a large plant smelting of aluminum .
The important commercial infrastructure and its geographical position make Maputo a center of vital importance both nationally and internationally, with a wide and constant network of air, land and sea transport.
Maputo is a planned city, with apples of rectangular houses and wide avenues, containing features of Portuguese architecture from the 1970s.
The Maputo culture has a strong South African influence but is also heavily influenced by other dominant cultures such as the Portuguese and the Bantu . There are other cultures with some influence such as Arabic , Indian or Chinese .
The most important cultural and meeting center for artists in Maputo is The Art Nucleus Association, formed by the oldest collective of artists in Mozambique and in its long history has played an important role in the cultural life of the metropolitan area and in reconciliation After the Civil War suffered by the country. Infinity of painters, sculptors and potters are part of this famous Nucleus that has achieved much fame for its project of transforming weapons into tools and artistic objects.
Maputo hosts exhibitions of international documentary festivals around the world and is home to the important Dockanema Documentary Film Festival.
The cuisine in this city is very well elaborated, with an important heritage of the Muslim and Portuguese cuisine , and in which the seafood is very abundant.
The city is home to Eduardo Mondlane University, founded in 1962 and was the first university in the country, and a campus of the Pedagogical University, which also has offices in other cities in the country.