Capital City of Romania
The largest and capital city of Romania is Bucharest , which is the industrial, commercial and cultural center of the country.
Interesting facts about Bucharest
Its name is attributed to a shepherd named Bucur (Bucur), which means in Romanian “cheerful”, hence the name Bucharest understood as “glædesby”.
The origins of Bucharest are linked to the construction of Curtea Veche in 1459, Vlad Tepes new palace. Curtea Veche was submitted summer Valacan the prince and his family. Under the protection of its reigned slave market, which meant a strong economic development of the area and the reason for the transfer of many Romanians and created a new city in expansion.
In the second half of the 19th century the population grew up in Bucharest soon. The extravagant architecture and cosmopolitan cultural environment of the time made Bucharest come to be called the Paris of the East or Little Paris, but the social gap between rich and poor was still too great.
In the context of World War I, December 6, 1916, the city was occupied by German forces and the capital moved to Iasi, which was finally launched in November 1918 and was the capital of the new Romania.
Bucharest is part of a great destruction during World War II due to the blasting of the United Kingdom and the United States Air Force.
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Bucharest is located on the banks of the river Dâmbovita, which flows into the river Arges, a tributary of the Danube. Several lakes – being the most important Floreasca, Lake Tei and Lake Colentina Lake – stretches of the city along the Colentina River, a tributary of the Dâmbovita. In addition, there is in the center of the capital, a small artificial lake – Cismigiu lake surrounded by Cismigiu gardens. Ateneo was inaugurated in 1847, and based on the plans of the German architect Carl FW Meyer, the gardens are currently the main leisure facilities in the center of the city.
The total area of Bucharest is 226 km ². It is the seventh most populous city in the European Union. Until recently, the areas surrounding all rural, but from 1989 began to build new neighborhoods of the city.
According to the census in 2002 is 1,926,334 inhabitants, 8.9% of the total population of Romania. In addition, there are about 50,000 people who travel to the city every day, especially around the county of Ilfov.
The population of Bucharest had two phases of rapid growth, the first in the late nineteenth century, when the city grew in importance and size, and the other in the communist period, when a massive “urbanization” campaign was carried out, and Many people migrated from rural areas to the capital. Due to Ceausescu’s prohibition on abortion and contraception were the natural increase at this time also significant. The population continues to grow every day, because, although the Romanian population falls, the website offers better living conditions.
Bucharest is the capital city of romania and one of the most ecnomicaly developed city in that country , producing around 21% of the country’s GDP and about a quarter of industrial production, while accounting for only 9% of the population.
Almost a third of national taxes paid by individuals and businesses in Bucharest. According to local purchasing power has GDP per Bucharest. Capita of 64.5% of the EU average in 2004 and more than double the Romanian average. According to the fact that Bucharest produces around 21% of the Romanian GDP by a population of about 2 million dollars, the city’s per capita GDP. The population at 20,057 US $.
The strong economic development of the city has revitalized the infrastructure and led to the development of many malls and modern offices and residences of the tower and the skyscraper type. In September 2005, Bucharest stood at 2.6%, significantly lower than the national unemployment rate of 5.7%.
Economically, the city of the most prosperous of Romania and is one of the largest industrial and transport centers in Eastern Europe.
From the administrative sector is Bucharest a special feature in the territorial organization of Romania, since it is the only municipality that is not part of a district.
Bystyrelsen driven by a kind of “Major General” perform its function with an elected membership of 55 members. On the other hand, the city divided into six administrative sectors, each with a sektorsråd of 27 seats and a mayor.
The city has two airports: Bucharest Henri Coanda Airport (Otopeni formerly) and Aurel Vlaicu International Airport (formerly Baneasa). Delta Air Lines serving Bucharest directly from JFK airport. Henri Coandă is the largest airport in Romania with 5,000,000 passengers in 2007 and hovednav from the TAROM Operating Office. Băneasa Airport