Capital City of Nauru:
Yaren or Iarém is a Capital City of Nauru (capital district) in the south of Nauru . It covers an area of 1.5 km² (almost 1/10 of the island)2003 , it had a population of 1 100 inhabitants.
The Republic of Nauru is an island country located in the Pacific Ocean which, in the native language, the Nauran, is called Ripublik Naoero . This country lies within the area known as Micronesia, in the central area of the ocean. This small island country covers only one island located south of the Equator , an unusual situation as most of the countries in Oceania are made up of archipelagos of hundreds of islands.
Interesting facts about Yaren:
Yaren’s story is closely tied to the History of Nauru , mainly due to the natural conditions in which this district is inserted. It lies on an island virtually isolated from other regions of the planet.
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The traditional inhabitants of Yaren are descendants of the Mokwa clan. Members of the Mokwa clan, therefore, were the first inhabitants of Yaren to establish settlements or fixed residences in this district.
Discovery and colonization
The district, like the entire island, is inhabited by Polynesian people for at least 3 000 years. These peoples, traditionally divided into 12 clans, practiced aquaculture – seizing sea fish andLaguna Buada , providing an additional and reliable source of food. The other locally produced food components included coconut and pandanus fruits.
In between 1798 and1830 the local population had its first contact with the British navigators and western merchants [ 1 ] . At this time, deserters from some of these ships began to live on the island of Nauru. The region of the Mokwa clan, as well as the other regions of the island, thrived on the flowing trade developed through contact with the commercial vessels they brought there.
In between 1878 andIn 1888 , the Nauruan Tribal War resulted in a reduction of the population of Nauru from 1400 to 900 people. This war led to the near extinction of some local clans.
After Nauru Island was incorporated into the II Reich , in1888 [ 1 ] and attached to the German Protectorate of Marshall, the territory Mokwa was renamed to Yaren, Nauru as well as the island, which was renamed to Nawodo or Onawero.
The arrival of the Germans ended the tribal war, and the social changes brought by the war established kings as rulers of the island. Christian Missionaries ofGilbert Islands arrived there in1888 . The Germans ruled Nauru for nearly three decades, and during this period Yaren benefited from building an airport (air base) in its territory. The local population increased substantially in this period.
When phosphate was discovered in Nauru, in1900 , there was a great flow of people and capital to the island, and from there, the local standard of living was transformed. Nauru and specifically Yaren have become economically and geographically strategic places for the great imperial powers. In addition to great economic support for the Germans, Yaren served as an air and naval base duringWorld War .
With the defeat of the Second Reich in World War I , Nauru passed to the protectorate of the League of Nations . In1923 , the League of Nations ceded the island to theAustralian , together with theUnited Kingdom andNew Zealand .
In 1921 , an epidemic of influenza caused the death of 230 inhabitants of the island. With the advent of the Australian protectorate, Yaren became the seat of most of the island’s government agencies, becoming the island’s first “capital”. In this period, too, there was an intensification of the extraction of the mineral phosphate by the Australian companies. Local income has grown considerably, giving Nauru one of the largest per capita incomes in the world.